Becoming a citizen of Australia is the final legal step in your migration story. It is a process in which a non-Australian citizen voluntarily becomes an Australian citizen. Australian citizens pledge their loyalty to Australia and its people and are then entitled to its protection and to exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens. Being an Australian citizen is a privilege not a right. While you are granted entitlements as a citizen of Australia there are important responsibilities you must accept too.

Responsibilities and privileges

As an Australian citizen, you have new responsibilities to:

  • behave in accordance with Australia’s democratic beliefs
  • respects the rights and liberties of Australia
  • follow and obey the law
  • vote in federal and state or territory elections, and in referenda
  • defend Australia if necessary
  • serve on jury duty if summoned
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Citizenship entitlements

As an Australian citizen, you are eligible for certain entitlements too.

You can:

  • apply for an Australian passport
  • leave and re-enter Australia as many times as you want
  • ask for help from an Australian consulate if in trouble overseas
  • vote in federal, state or territory elections
  • vote in a Constitutional referendum or plebiscite
  • seek election to parliament, if you are aged 18 years or over and are not dual citizen
  • register the birth of your children in another country as an Australian citizen